Before the late eighteenth century, most of the countries were ruled by royal families, but after the establishment of parliamentary democracies, the monarchical rule has decreased. Surprisingly, the monarchical rule still exists in many countries be it a constitutional monarchy or absolute monarchy. In a monarchical government, all the powers are vested in the hands of a king, queen or emperor after the death or resignation of his or her predecessor. In a constitutional monarchy, monarch’s power is regulated by the parliament whereas when we talk about absolute monarchy, there is the complete and absolute rule of the king. So, here is the list of 10 countries that are still ruled by the monarchs.
1.Queen Elizabeth, Britain
Who does not know Queen Elizabeth II? Almost everyone knows her. Constitutional monarchy exists in Britain. The queen was crowned in 1952, and she is the longest-serving monarch of Britain. She was born on 21 April 1926; she is the queen who has overseen many developments in Britain like the independence of many British overseas colonies. Britain entry and exit from the European Union took place during the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Till now, twelve British Prime Ministers have run the country under her supremacy and reign. Queen Elizabeth has successfully made her popularity across the world.
2. King Norodom Sihamoni, Cambodia
Cambodia also has a monarchical rule. After a week of abdication of King Norodom Sihanouk, King Norodom Sihamoni became king in October 2004. The king who was born on 14 May 1953 in Phnom Penh was also the ambassador of Cambodia to UNESCO (one of the organs of the United Nations Organization). King Sihanouk surprisingly submitted his resignation. Sihamoni, in December 2008, selected twenty-six members of the royal family of Cambodia to his advisory court. Despite his administrative duties, he is known for his work as a cultural ambassador in Europe. He was also a classical dance instructor. He has graduated in this specialization.
3. Felipe VI, Spain
Felipe VI became king in June 2014 after his father, King Juan Carlos resigned. Felipe VI is a versatile person and was a popular figure even before he became the king. King has competed in sailing in Barcelona at the 1992 Olympic Games. He has also represented his country abroad. The people of Spain like him because the 2014 poll showed that three-quarters of Spanish voters wanted him so that he can solve the disputes between political parties. Felipe is also the guardian of the country’s constitution, and Spanish voters see him as an active person who has excellent potential.
4. King Willem-Alexander, Netherlands
For more than a century, queens used to rule the Netherlands. He was born in 1967. He was the king of the Netherland, having ascended the throne after the abdication of mother in 2013. The Dutch national holiday was changed to King’s day from Queen’s day after he came into power in 2013. He has performed military service in Royal Netherlands Navy from August 1985 to January 1987. His governing skills are entirely symbolic, but the signs all the new acts in parliament. King Willem is Europe’s youngest monarch.
5. Akihito, Japan
Born on 23 December 1933 Akihito is the current emperor of Japan. The constitution of Japan says that Akihito is “the symbol of the state and the unity of the people.” He formally appoints the Prime Minister, but he does not enjoy a nominal role in the government. His functions are just ceremonial. Although Akihito still enjoys wide popularity among Japanese people and is liked by the local people of Japan Japanese government has announced recently that Akihito would submit his resignation on 30th April 2019 due to his increasing age and health.
6. King Abdullah, Jordan
King Abdullah of Jordan became the king of Jordan after the resignation of King Hussein, his father who reigned for almost 50 years. He was crowned in 1999. King Abdullah has expanded foreign trade and privatization of many government-owned companies which has helped in ending the economic crisis of the country. He is highly appreciated for his efforts to make Jordan a liberalized economy after he assumed the throne as a constitutional monarch. He has been successfully maintaining stability on the country which has made him popular not only in his own country but also at the international level. King likes to enjoy skydiving.
7. King Mohammed VI, Morocco
Born on 21 August 1963, King Mohammed VI of Morocco came into power after the death of his father, King Hassan II. He is the king who believes both in conservatism and modernization that is why he is widely endorsed with holding off a revolution in Morocco during the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings with a chain of reforms. The king made many improvements during 2011 which were also approved by the voters. Another development that occurred in 2017 during her rule was the ban on the manufacturing and sale of the burqa (an outer garment worn by women in Islamic traditions).
8. Carl XVI Gustaf, Sweden
With the motto “For Sweden- with the times” Carl XVI Gustaf became the king of Sweden on 19th September 1973 after the death of King Gustaf VI Adolf, his grandfather. His father died in an airplane crash in Denmark in January 1947 when the king was just nine months old. His functions include appointing the Prime Minister formally, being Commander-in-Chief of the nation’s military and signing off legislation. He is the longest-serving monarch in the entire history of Sweden. He is possibly best recognized outside Sweden as the presenter of the annual Nobel Prizes.
9. King Philippe, Belgians
King Philippe became the seventh King of the Belgians in July 2013 following his father’s abdication to the throne because of health reasons. He is the eldest child born to King Albert II. King Philippe has lucratively headed more than 60 economic missions. In 1993, Philippe was named as honorary chairman of the Belgian Foreign Trade Board (BFTB) by the Belgian government but after he became the king all the roles and responsibilities were taken over by his daughter, Princess Astrid. The eldest daughter of the king, Princess Elisabeth is first in the line of succession.
10. King Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud, Saudi Arabia
King Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud of Saudi Arabia became an absolute monarch when he was seventy-nine years old in the year 2013. He exercises full control over the world’s most potent absolute monarchy. He became the king after the death of King Abdullah, his ninety-year-old half- brother. After the coronation, King Salman donated $32 million in grants to charities, but he is not gentle. He is not kind to his rebels. Stringent punishments were given to those people who question his authority and power. Penalties include lengthy jail terms, floggings, and even the death sentence.
Fortunately, most of the countries in the world follow the principles of democracy and citizens are guaranteed some fundamental rights. In some monarchical countries, citizens enjoy absolute rights but in some countries monarch is the supreme authority and challenging that authority comes with ruthless consequences.
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