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The conservation of nature is a crucial social and political issue: mainly due to the effects of climate change and global warming. The environmental impacts are detrimental to the physical health of both humans and animals, as nature offers biodiversity and a variety of natural resources. However, due to a lot of wastage by the sizeable human populace, these resources are in the process of being depletion. For a sustainable future, it is wise to preserve and conserve nature so that future generations can make use of resources. Here are ten small steps that can help save the environment.
10. Use Reusable Bags, Avoid Plastic
It is quite convenient to have a large selection of bags available at stores for usage. Brands usually have their names stamped upon their plastic packs, to create the commercial value of their brand and store. However, these plastic bags take years to degrade and harmfully pile up in landfills. Plastic bags are hazardous to the environment, as it creates air, water, and land pollution, so they should be banned immediately. We should ban and replace plastic bags with cotton or brown bags. Nowadays many factories, shops have adopted to replace the plastic bag with brown bags, but still many are using plastic bags though. We all should keep our environment neat and clean, and it can only happen if all are committed towards it. To combat this, keep a selection of reusable bags with you when you go for any shopping like clothes and groceries.
9. Recycle: Segregation Concerns
It is difficult to recycle, especially when the facilities are not available. However, several companies and institutions offer recycling options in the form of segregated waste. Aside from this, at home, segregation of waste can be done: using different trash cans for different materials. Everyone should follow the waste segregation process. Waste segregation means we need to divide the waste into dry and wet waste. We should use different trash cans for dry waste and wet waste. Examples of dry waste are like glass, metals, related products, whereas wet waste means organic waste. Wet waste and organic waste is easy to compost while dry waste can be handed off to third parties for proper disposal and recycling. Most neighborhoods engage in contracting so that waste is disposed of properly by qualified third party companies.
8. Water Shortages
A large percent of our world, our bodies, and our lifestyle depend on the presence of water. Water is not only used for drinking purposes but various other purposes such as bathing, cleaning, cooking, etc. Water wastage and water pollution are critical components of conserving water. One should be careful while using water. If every individual takes small actions to conserve water, then it can help us lot to conserve water at a significant level. Some examples of little effort to conserve water that every individual can take daily are like: while at home or office, do not leave the water running, use less water when bathing, opt for showers as an alternative, and wash clothes when necessary. Few steps to control water pollution are: not to allow chemicals from industries, the garbage of household, etc. to get into water as we know that will that degrades the quality of water. Water pollution can also be controlled at the individual level if every individual understands the importance of water in our life. As it is said ‘There will be no life if water does not exist.’
7. Grow More Trees
Trees are the natural source of oxygen for all human beings and animals. We should preserve them instead of cutting them down. Around 40% of world timber is used for the production of paper. The creation of paper requires massive amounts of wood and water, contributing to the depletion of both resources. Paper is used for writing and printing in offices and institutions. Magazines, books, and money are also printed on paper. Most people have adopted the digitization trend. All text and pictures, as well as sound, can be kept in digital form. Nowadays, money, documents are kept online. One should reduce the use of paper which in turn will help to reduce the impact on the forest.
6. Energy: Nuclear, Solar, and Windmills
Without paying much attention but still, we lose a lot of electricity daily. A lot of power gets wasted at home and offices like, we often leave several lights on, the fans, ACs, and heaters on all the time, leaving electronics plugged in. However, this is not merely bad for the bills, it also creates emissions bad for the environment. There are different ways to conserve energy like: Leave the light off while leaving the room, Use energy-clean light bulbs and tubes, run ACs, heaters, washing machines, dryers, and dishwashers prudently. Additionally, think of how many items are on all the time, even when you are not at home.
5. Reuse and Repurpose
Reusing is a rising trend. However, without proper knowledge, it can be detrimental to health. Many people reuse plastic. It is dangerous for health in the long run. Plastic degrades over time and runs into the water which is then unfortunately utilized by human beings, plants plus animals. Plastic bottles, therefore, are difficult to decompose and reuse. Use glass, non-BPA materials, ceramic or steel in case of bottles and Tupperware for food. Buy materials that are not plastic based to ensure that reusing it doesn’t cause health problems.
4. Organic Waste and Composting
Segregation of waste is the first step in determining what to throw out and what to recycle. Trash, both dry and wet, can be composted. In a secluded section of the house, keep composting materials into different bins or pots. It keeps the odor out of the house and resulting in decomposing bacteria away from residential areas. It creates fertilizer for the garden that is rich in nutrients and naturally sedimented from decomposition. It is healthy for the environment as it is not artificially produced and is a large part of the zero-waste campaign.
3. Batteries and E-Waste
E-waste is a mostly unknown component of conserving nature. People are usually unaware of the hazards of it. Cells are a part of e-waste that is hard to recycle. Recycle laptops, computers, and other electronic components to recover material from the old electronics to make new electronics. Most of the electronics go into the recycling system called WEEE (Waste electric and electronic equipment) that recycles 90 to 95%of electronic waste.
2. Diesel, Gas, and Electronic Cars
Cars are the primary reason o pollution nowadays. Asia automatic cars are on the high end of the pricing range, and out of the question for many. So how can you contribute to the conservation of nature while using gas and fossil fuels? Many families own a large number of cars, increasing the output for pollution. Emissions and fumes are a great source of air pollution. Chemicals in these emissions affect the respiratory systems of those in the geographical location. We can not replace this pollution but can reduce it by using different alternatives like servicing your car regularly, use public transport whenever possible, and walk for short distances.
1. Encourage Others to Take Steps
Most important is the ability to pass on this information to others. While adopting such habits decreases what is known as the carbon footprint. It will be beneficial if you can get others to make small changes in their lifestyles. It is initially difficult to adjust to such changes, but small steps create a higher output in the long run.
Community psychoeducation, participating in programs, and getting family members to partake in the lifestyle changes can help in creating a healthier, cleaner community. Combating an unhealthy and unsustainable lifestyle can be beneficial for individual and community health: the preservation of water, usage of electricity, and paper help preserve resources. Involving children in such measures increases the likelihood that they will adopt such behaviors as they grow.
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