Human Rights are the rights people are born with and are entitled to by the virtue of being a human. No other factor can take their rights away, and are therefore inalienable. However, there are some gross violations of human rights happening on a daily basis. It is the duty of Human Rights Organisations to prevent and mediate these violations. Here are the top 10 world’s most important Human Rights Organisations.
10) Amnesty International
Amnesty International’s focus areas are studying and reporting on the human rights violations around the world, taking steps to prevent it, and to demand for justice wherever it does take place. It is separate from the governments and does not even accept financial aid from governments or government agencies, instead relying on funds and donations. However, it has been criticised for focusing only on more democratic countries of the world and ignoring the rest of the underprivileged society. It was been very successful in encouraging and supporting many human rights movements.
9) Protection International
Protection International is an organisation that strives to protect people who are involving in humanitarian work. Often, people and organisations who serve the people face serve backlash from the elite, whose ulterior motives are affected. Protection International provides security for these people, from the civil society and the fringe elements in their respective countries. It has been operational in Africa and Latin America more than the developed countries, due to the lack of proper security measures from the governments of these countries. They are said to be the backbone of many movements and people who have been raising their voice against injustice and inequality.
8) Global Rights
Global Rights’ model is to build the skills and capacity of those living in the underprivileged sections of the society. They teach many technical skills, along with the laws and rules in their country as well as those of the various agreements signed worldwide. These people, in turn, pose a number of violations of human rights in their local spaces. Hence, through their workforce and trained staff throughout the world, they are able to prevent and demand justice for the people who have suffered a violation of their rights. Their focus areas are to promote women’s rights and gender equality, racial equality and further the cause of the LBGTIQA movement across the world. They have been well received and active in a range of countries, from Afghanistan to Zambia.
7) Human Rights Foundation
The Human Rights Foundation was founded in 2005 and is based in the city of New York. Their goal is to defend human rights and promote freedom. They have been funding a number of researchs that have shaken the world and have been working on the grassroots level in countries like Cuba, Bolivia, Kazakhstan, Venezuela, and Ecuador. Their funding usually comes from donations, however, these donations may be used for any research and that is up to the discretion of the organisation, not the donor. They have been working specifically in the field of women, children, and the unemployed people in developing countries.
6) International Federation for Human Rights
International Federation for Human Rights is a large Not-for-profit organisation, that is supported by over 178 other organisations from throughout the world and is spread across over a 100 countries. Their main aim is to spread human rights with the process of globalisation and to protect the human rights of those who cannot fend for themselves. The massive scale of the organisation means there were some criticisms about their funds and misappropriation of the same. However, this organisation has worked relentlessly and started multiple programmes in Africa, Asia, Latin America, etc. Their latest focus is the refugee crisis in Europe and safeguarding the rights of those who have fled Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Libya etc.
5) Refugees International
The work of Refugees International may be more important now than ever before, with millions of the road seeking shelter and employment, away from the war and famine struck homelands. Refugees International fights for the human rights of refugees, which are often systematically denied by larger, more influential countries, despite the presence of international agreements regarding the same. They call for media’s support and coverage of the crisis and makes detailed reports on the ground situation. They do not accept United Nation’s or any government’s finances, for it may lead to biases. Some countries they have worked in intensively are Syria, Yemen, South Sudan etc.
4) Association for Women Rights in Development
Considering that women are much more likely to face human rights violations, Association for Women Rights in Development works on a niche area to protect girls and women from the physical, sexual and mental abuse. They have worked to protect women from torture inside their homes and in public or employment spaces, also fighting for equal wages and appropriate facilities at work. They have been focusing on smaller countries, where the governments cannot or are not willing to work on these issues. However, they also work to remove the glass ceiling effect for women and minorities from top companies and organisations throughout the world, so everyone has equal opportunities and resources to succeed. Their main goal in gender equality in all spheres of life.
3) Red Cross
The Red Cross, also known as the International Committee of the Red Cross, has historically focused on war-torn areas, where human rights violations take a boo without the established law and order system operating efficiently. Be it civil wars or wars between countries, the human rights watch gives reports on people living in the area, and how the socio-political situations have affected their lives. They drive to protect the right of those who are mere victims of war, including soldiers and armed personnel. They have been operating in almost 80 countries and mobilise their workforce depending on worsening situations throughout the world. Their reports are widely cited and debated upon, and they also bring the world’s attention to all human rights violations in these countries.
2) Human Right Watch
Human Right Watch uses the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) passed by the United Nations as their foundation and works on ensuring that the rights guaranteed within the declaration are not snatched away from people. They report on any and all violations of rights, particularly that of freedom to express freely, without the fear of retaliation. They also believe in the freedom of religion, the freedom to move and migrate. Most importantly, they protect everyone’s right to life which includes the right to choices in public or private spaces. They have been campaigning increasingly to spread awareness about sexuality being a spectrum in the recent years, for the refugee crisis and against the famine in Yemen. Their reports have often been successful in building political pressure on the given organisation(s) or government(s) to reform.
1) United Nations
Although formed to prevent another world war, United Nations has been increasingly focusing on enriching the lives of all human beings. This is done not only through declarations (like the aforementioned UDHR) but through many organisations under the United Nations like United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Labour Organisation (ILO) etc. These organisations are spread across the world and work in their respective fields to ensure no human rights violation takes place. Incase of any, the organisations try to rectify and compensate for the same. Human Rights are also one of the corner-stones of all discussions in the General Assembly and other councils. Recently, UN has been working on peace talks for the Syria Crisis and promoting gender equality through their campaign HeForShe.
Many governments are unable to protect the rights of all their citizens, for reasons that are both understandable and unacceptable. Human Rights Organisations, in these cases, are vital to ensure that people do not suffer from abuse and mistreatment or are denied justice for the same. Although a world without any need of Human Rights Organisation is ideal, in current times, they are vital for humanity to grow and prosper.