Ever wondered what can be used as an alternative to spending time in prison or juvenile-detention?
There does exist an alternative and a less rigorous punishment to crimes or one may say, it is only for the crimes that are not very heinous or as harmful for the society that you need to be locked up in a prison. It is intended for offenders who otherwise would have received a short prison sentence (of two years or less) for their crime or offence. Only sentencing judges can impose this detention. In such cases, even the criminals own residence would work as a punishment area to keep him/her confined to. It is mostly provided when the criminal may plead for it or the court may find it as a good enough alternative. Most of the times, travel is not at all allowed. Even if allowed at all, it is mostly restricted. This is known as house arrest and is also known by home detention, home confinement or electronic monitoring. It includes an electronic device (a tag) fitted to the person to monitor every activity and movement of the person.
In the history, house arrest had mostly taken place when the governments were authoritative and used house arrest as a mode to repress the political uprisings or angst against them. In such cases, the person is sometimes even not allowed to have any access with the outside world through any means of communication. Every move is monitored even if some communication is allowed.
One of the most famous one being that of Aung San Suu Kyi who remained under house arrest for a long time for political reasons. But there have been many other too who have remained under house arrest not because of political reasons but because of some criminal acts.
So, here is a list of 10 people who are currently under house arrest:
10. Nouman Raja
Nouman Raja, Palm Beach Officer, shot a black drummer Corey Jones in October 2015. The officer was arrested and charged with manslaughter and fatal shooting of Jones. He was not in his police uniform and never introduced himself as one when he brutally shot Jones on a highway. Raja called at 911 later after having shot Jones to lie about the act but the video recordings from the spot told the truth of his shooting the musician several times. Such cops pose a greater danger on streets than even criminals.
Jones, 31-year old drummer, is said to have been waiting for a truck to tow his broken car post midnight when the cop shot him on the highway. Raja has now been kept on house arrest from 3rd June 2016 till his next trial for the first degree murder charges of Jones.
9. Hurriyat (G) chairman Syed Ali Geelani
Separatist Hurriyat (G) Chairman (Jammu and Kashmir), Syed Ali Geelani, has been under house arrest since 2010. It isn’t just him, but a large group of Hurriyat leaders who have been illegally put at house arrest for protesting against the setting up of Sainik and Pandit colonies and industrial poloicies. The government has been continuously putting many activists to house arrest for such uprisings. He was charged in 2010 under “sections 124A (sedition), 153A (promoting enmity between classes), 153B (imputations, assertions prejudicial to national integration), 504 (insult intended to provoke breach of peace) and 505 (false statement, rumour circulated with intent to cause mutiny or offence against public peace… to be read with Section 13 of the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act of 1967”
8. Mehdi Karroubi
Mehdi Karroubi, an Iranian reformist and politician who even contested for presidential elections in 2005 and 2009, has remained under house arrest since five years by now when he came forward to prove the fraud and misuse of power by one . He is recognized as Iranian Green Movement, an opposition movement, leader along with Mir-Hossein Mousavi. The movement arose after 2009 presidential elections of Iran to demand removal of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Iran’s President 2005-2013, from office. It focuses on removal of vote rigging and manipulation. Karroubi has been a moderate with a rural support base.
7. Bassam-al Safadi
Israeli journalist, Bassam-al Safadi, working for Iranian TV, was arrested under the charges of alleged incitement and for supporting terror groups based on his statements ion his facebook page. He was put under house arrest earlier this June for publishing statements in support of terror groups and incitement to violence and terror. Reporter for the al-Alam news network, he has been supported by the network who have claimed that he hadn’t published or reported anything showing support to terrorist activities. He still remains in house arrest till further investigations and court’s further orders.
6. Bhai Dhian Singh Mand
Bhai Dhian Singh Mand, who was announced the Jathedaar of Sri Akal Takhat Sahib was arrested the very next day of this announcement in late 2015 to keep him away from addressing the Sikh Sangat from Sri Akal Takht Sahib. He has recently been brought out of prison and has been kept on house arrest from this June 2016 onwards till next trial. Along with him some 30 other activists were arrested too.
5. Oscar Pistorius
South African Paralymic champion and sprint runner was convicted of first degree murder when he had shot his model girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp, in 2013 to death. He was charged with homicide and kept imprisoned till he appealed Supreme Court. He was then moved to House Arrest in October, 2015. Next hearing in court is on 13 June, 2016. He has been suspended from participating in any event. He is considered to be fastest man on Earth with no legs. He has even participated in Summer Olympics after a lot of scrutiny and criticism.
4. Jafar Panahi
Jafar Panahi, 51, an Iranian Film director and editor, became popular with his feature film debut, “The white Balloon”, which won the 1995 Cannes Film Festival Award. Because of his conflicting content with respect to the then government and 2009 presidential election, he was arrested before being placed under house arrest and has been banned for 20 years from making any movies.
Panahi who has won a many foreign awards for his films, has most of his films banned in Iran where authorities are unhappy with his satirical portrayal of everyday life in the Islamic Republic.
3. Dr. Qadeer
Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan is a nuclear physicist and metallurgical engineer of Pakistan. He was the man behind foundation of uranium enrichment program for atomic bomb project of Pakistan.
He has been put under House arrest since 2004 by General Pervez Musharraf, though his house arrest has turned out to be not that strict with the passing years as he still continues to move around, make calls and have visitors.
He was called upon for house arrest because of his debriefing of his role in the proliferation of nuclear weapons technology in other countries after receiving evidence from United States. Though, he has been given a lot more freedom, he is considered as a “serious proliferation risk” as stated by United States.
2. Meek Mill
Meek Mill is the stage name of Robert Rihmeek Williams. He is an American hip hop recording artist from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was put to a 90 day house arrest this year for violating the terms of his parole in a 2009 drug and gun case. His career has been put on hold till June end which is expected to be extended. But he broken free from it to join Beyonce for a tour which may lead to further repercussions.
1. Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Mir Hossein Mousavi , an Iraninan politician, and artist and an architect, was the last Prime Minister of Iran from 1981-89. He stood as a candidate for Presidential election in 2009 but amidst the political unrest, he stood up as the leader and founder of Green Movement which fought against the illegal methods and practices adopted by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to win the Presidential election that very year. His campaign turned him down to be posed with house arrest. He remains to be so currently with his wife and Mehdi Karroubi and his wife.