These days, the focus of mankind has shifted from nature to technology. In fact, we have gone to the extent of exploiting our natural resources in order to satisfy our greed for profits and leisure. Be it cutting down of trees to pave way for a well constructed mall or the killing of animals to get the best quality leather. However, there are still some tribes from around the world that lead a harmonious life while preserving and protecting nature. Below is a list of top 10 such tribes who preserve and live in perfect harmony with nature till date.
Living in the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug region in Russia, the Chukchi tribe comprise of a number of 16, 000 people. Russian and Chukchi languages are spoken by them. The tribe comprises of two groups, the Reindeer Chukchi and the Maritime Chukchi. The former tribe lives in the inland tundra region and the latter live around the coast hunting seals and other sea creatures. Their love for nature can be observed in their belief that all objects have a spirit which can be either beneficial or harmful. They highly value sharing and hospitality.
Living on the banks of river Xingu in the eastern Amazon rainforest, Brazil, the people belonging to this tribe occupy an area of tropical rainforest extending across 11,346,326 million hectares. These people call themselves “Mebengokre” which means “people of the wellspring.”
The chief of the tribe is Raoni Metuktire who has achieved international fame for him leadership of this tribe. The Kayapo people live to preserve the tropical rainforests of the Amazon and the forest provides for their daily needs. They practice shifting cultivation and use the slash and burn technique. Their harvest comprises of mostly sweet potato, yam, papaya and taro. As a result of living in the forests, the people of this tribe have a massive knowledge of the plant kingdom. They know around 250 edible plants and 650 medicinal plants in the Amazon rainforest.
Living in Australia, there are about 670,000 people as per the census data of 2011. There is an interesting spiritual concept presented in the people of this tribe which is the “Dreamtime” concept. The Aborigines are known to go into a reverie and communicate with their guardian spirits and ancestors. Furthermore, some sits in Australia for example the Ayers Rock site and holy to them. Conventionally the Aborigines lived in tribal groups spread across Australia. However, in the 20th century their population decreased to just 90,000 and as a result, the people of the tribe were made to live in reservations. A number of Aboriginal children were brought up in the state boarding schools after being forcibly taken away from their parents. It was in February 2008 that the Australian government apologized for the crimes against the tribe.
Living in the districts of Komo, Koroba, Margaraima and Tari which lies in the Southern Highlands of Papua New Guinea, the major languages of these people are Top, Pisin and Huli, although some of them speak English. The tribe comprises of 136, 000 to 150, 000 people and has been living in the region for around 1,000 years. The European explorers Jack Hides and James O’ Malley were the first to find them. The tribe grows sweet potato, corn, cabbage and potatoes. A distinctive feature of the tribe is men wearing intricate headdresses which are made up of bird feathers and human hair. Polygamy is practiced in the tribe under which a man can have many wives. However, the man has to pay a price to the family of the bride which is usually a certain number of pigs to his bride’s family.
Considered to be the descendants of the original Aryans, who came to India and living in the Dha- Hanu valley of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashimir, the Drokpa tribe people are around 2,500 in number. They are also referred to as the Dard tribe people and wear colourful ceremonial clothes which are made of wool and their head gear is made up of colourful bunches of flowers on their heads, seashells and coins.
Living in the Amazon rain forest along the border between Venezuela and Brazil, the Yanomami are around 35,000 people. The men of the tribe are mainly hunters, gatherers and fishers with women cultivating plantations, cotton, tobacco and cassava. The male members of the tribe are known for their aggression and with the tribes often waging war against each other. Furthermore, the men have been known to kill the children of other tribes during attacks. They have the extremely less salt in their diet and therefore are the people who are the least consumers of salt in the entire world.
There are four groups of this tribe living in Andaman Islands, in the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean. Originally the tribe had five groups however; the fifth group is now extinct. A lot of people of this tribe were killed by the British and Japanese occupation forces when in the year 1867, the British naval crew undertook the Andaman Islands Expedition. Further in the 1940s, Japan dropped bombs on the tribe which further contributed towards their extinction.
Bushmen or San People
Living in four African countries namely Botwana, Nambia, Angola and South Africa, the San People or Bushmen are a tribe of around 90, 000 people. Traditionally to have practiced the hunter- gatherer way of life, the tribe lives in family groups. The most exquisite feature of the tribe is that women have an equal respect in the san society. Living in the forest, these people have profound knowledge of plants and animals of the region that they live in.
Mainly inhabiting New Zealand, some people of this tribe can also be found in Australia, UK, Canada, US and other regions. With an immense population of 750, 000 people, the Maoris live in clans and practice a warrior culture with tattoos on their faces and bodies.
These tattoos have a significant role to play. The tattoo on the face of a male, known as Moko is considered more or less like an identity card. It depicts the position, status and virility of the person.
Residing in the Yamal Peninsula in Siberia, Russia, in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the Nenets are around 44,800 people. Education has become an essential part for the people of this tribe which has given them the opportunity to come to the front. An example of this is Anna Nerkagi who is a well-known writer among the tribe. Furthermore Konstantin Pankov and Tyko Vylka are renowned painters. Since their primary occupation is reindeer herding, the Nets are known to breed Samoyed dogs to make their work easier.
We might have forgotten that we get everything from nature but for the tribes discussed above, nature is god. They do whatever it takes to preserve and protect their surroundings and in return, Mother Nature takes care of them. If this isn’t living in perfect harmony, then what is?