Lighthouses not only tell stories of the relationship of that place with the sea but also tell a lot about that culture of their land. The architectural patterns let you trace the time in which they were built and this makes these towers more than just a source of light, it makes them a piece of art. Though they were originally built to guide sailors , they are now iconic places for sea travel. With time, lighthouses are getting modern as well with more technological functions but somehow not all of them are as appealing as the ones that were built in the past. Here are 15 famous Lighthouses of the world:
Start Point Lighthouse, England
Start point was one of the 29 lighthouses designed by James Walker. Inside the tower, there are cantilever granite stairs and on the outside, it has a crenelated parapet. The quarters of the keeper, which are now outside the tower were once inside it but were removed from the tower in 1871. This lighthouse is open to the visitors and it has been listed as a grade II building by the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England.
Fanad Lighthouse, Ireland
This lighthouse was built on the Fanad Head on the demand of the people of the Fanad peninsular after a huge shi unfortunately sank in these waters in the year 1804. This 90 foot lighthouse was constructed and lit up in the year 1818. Then again, in 1909, a brighter light which was operated on clockwork rotation machine driven by weight was installed in order to display six flashes in fifteen seconds. And in 1975, this light was replaced with electric power.
White Shoal Light, Michigan
White Shoal Light is unique not only because it has an aluminum top but also because it is the only “barber pole” lighthouse in the United States. It was built in 1912 and is also known as The Lake Michigan light. It is located 20 miles away from the Mackinac Bridge and because of this it was considered as a great engineering achievement when it was first constructed. One has to take a boat or a seaplane in order to have a closer look of it.
St. Augustine Light, Florida
St. Augustine Light was the first lighthouse built in Florida and it had to be built twice because the one that was made first fell into the ocean. The one that exists currently was made on the Anastasia Island in 1874. In the year 1907, plumbing facility was made available inside it, in 1936, its light was electrified and in 1955, this light was automated. Because of the automated light, the lighthouse keepers were no longer needed and hence from after that time, the keeper’s house was rented to the local residents.
Lindau Lighthouse, Germany
Lindau lighthouse is the southernmost lighthouse in the country and is located on the Lake Constance in Lindau. After getting completed in the year 1856, it took over the light station in Mangtrum Tower which was constructed in 1230. Lindau Lighthouse is a 108 feet tall structure and is considered unique among the lighthouse community because it has a huge clock that can be seen from the city. In the year 1936, the tower was converted to electricity and in early 1990s it was automated.
Yaquina Bay Light, Oregon
Constructed in 1871, Yaquina Bay Light was made because there was no lighthouse in Newport but three years later a new lighthouse was constructed and this one was decommissioned. It was to be demolished in 1946 but was saved by the Lincoln County Historical Society and recognized as a historical sight in 1951. This is one of the only lighthouses located on the west coast where the light and the keeper’s quarters were in the same building. Out what needs to be noted is that, this lighthouse is reputed to be haunted, so you might want to skip it.
Bass Harbor Head Station, Maine
In the midst of Acadia National Park, Bass Harbor Head Station sits one the southeast corner of Mt. Desert Island. It remains as a privet residence of one Coast Guard member and his whole family. Entry in the 1858 lighthouse is restricted along with entry to the former keeper’s quarters but it is possible to get close to the warning bell and the light. The view you get after going up a concrete path followed by wooden steps however, is breathtaking.
Jeddah Light, Saudi Arabia
This one was built much later as compared to the other lighthouses. Completed in 1990, it is 426 feet high which means that it is the tallest lighthouse in the world. Now it is obvious that you should stay away from the sea if you tend to get sea-sick but mind well, this one needs to be kept a distance from even if you have Vertigo.
Tower of Hercules, Spain
After the tallest, we come to the oldest. The Tower of Hercules is also known as the Farum Brigantium and the Corunna Lighthouse and is assumed to be constructed at some time in the second century. It is referred to as the Corunna Lighthouse because it is located outside Corunna in northwestern Spain. Built by the Romans, this lighthouse is based on the Lighthouse of Alexandria. The tower is 180 feet tall but is not completely original because it was given an extra level in 1791. It has been declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is a National Monument of Spain.
Sambro Island Lighthouse, Nova Scotia, Canada
Another one to the list of “old lighthouses”. Sambro Island lighthouse, as the name states is located on an island in Nova Scotia and gets its name from the community settled there, Sambro. It is the oldest lighthouse in North America and was constructed and lit up for the first time in 1758 and it was automated in 1988. This lighthouse reaches up to 82 feet high.
Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland
It gets its name from the rock it was built on. Bell Rock is the oldest surviving lighthouse in the world which has been continuously washed by the sea. It can be said that it is in the middle of the sea because it is 11 miles away from the shoreline. At a solid 115 feet high, this lighthouse was first lit in the year 1811 and its light reaches up to 35 statute miles away. It is also described as one of the seven wonders of the industrial world due to the challenges faced while constructing it.
Cape Hatteras Light, North Carolina, USA
Cape Hatteras Light also gets its name from the the place where it was built. It is located in the outer banks of the island of Hatteras. First built in 1802, this lighthouse stands at 210 feet high after reconstruction in the year 1870. Of all the brick lighthouses made in the United States, this one is the tallest lighthouse and is active even today.
Portland Head Lighthouse, Maine
This historical beauty is right at the entrance of the Portland Harbor in Cape Elizabeth. Adding one more to our list of ‘Old Lighthouses ’ in this list of “Famous Lighthouses”, Portland Head is the oldest in Maine and one of the oldest in America. Built in the year 1791, it stands at 80 feet high and was built to ward off ship raids during the civil war.
Kullen Lighthouse, Sweden
Kullen Lighthouse is a prominent landmark of Scandinavia and also one of the most powerful lighthouses because it has a 1000 Watt electric bulb and lights up one of the heaviest traveled waters in the world. It is located on top of a hill on the southwestern coast of Sweden in the province named Scania.
Peggy’s Point Lighthouse, Canada
Second lighthouse in this list that is from Nova Scotia in Canada. Peggy’s Point Lighthouse is located in the Peggy’s Cove and is a recognized monument of Canada. It is also a very busy tourist attraction. It was lit up for the first time in the year 1915 and marks the east entrance of St. Margarets Bay.
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